Provide an aggregate overview, in thousand tonnes per year, of the material flows into and out of an economy. EW-MFA covers solid, gaseous, and liquid materials, except for bulk flows of water and air.
EW-MFA data are downloadable from Eurostat's online database
Economy-wide material flow accounts (EW-MFA) do not provide an entirely accurate picture of global material footprints because they record the international flows of materials differently than the materials extracted from the environment (called domestic extraction in EW-MFA). Imports and exports are recorded in material flow accounts as the actual weight of the traded goods when they cross country borders instead of the weight of materials extracted to produce them. As the former are lower than the latter economy-wide, material flow accounts and the derived DMC underestimate the material footprint. To adjust for this, the weight of processed goods traded internationally is converted into the corresponding raw material extractions they induce.
MFA-RME data are downloadable from Eurostat's online database.
Consists of a map of the flows of materials through the economy, as raw materials or as parts of basic materials, components or products, in terms of entry into the economy (extraction and import), movement through the economy (production, consumption, exports), additions to stock, and end-of-life through either disposal or recovery. An MSA also includes information about the sustainability of the use of materials and the security of supply. The Material System Analysis will include the materials consumed in the EU-28 and their associated flows over the entire life cycle, including exploration, extraction, processing, manufacturing, use, and end of life disposal and treatment.
A detailed description of the methodology can be found in MSA Methodology.